French Law 2012-287: Database of Digitized 20th Century Books

Law 2012-287 was published in the Official Journal of France on March 2, 2012. The law, which amended France’s Intellectual Property Code, proposes building a free, public database of digitized books that were published in the 20th Century and are no longer in commercial distribution. The Bibliothèque national de France (BNF) would be in charge of creating and administering the database.

Publishers and rights holders will have 6 months to challenge inclusion of a book in the database. It also appears that after raising a challenge, publishers have three years to demonstrate a market for the book, or that they have created their own digitized version.

I did not see a specific appropriation of funds in the bill, so it is unclear to me how the BNF will finance the project.

Reaction on French law librarian mailing lists and blogs has been positive, but muted. Wait and see seems to be the prevailing sentiment.

Whether this bill leads to a free database or not, let’s hope that it spurs debate in France, Europe, and across the Atlantic, about the role of digitized books in society.

Law 2012-287 relative à l’exploitation numérique des livres indisponibles du XXe siècle.

Full-text of the bill and links to legislative history materials are available at

Some authors’ groups have already criticized the bill for ignoring copyright law. For example, see the petition circulated by writer Yal Ayerdhal:

Additional commentary on the bill from the Rue89 blog

GPO’s Digitization and Preservation Initiatives

The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) counts as one of its major goals the digitization of a complete legacy collection of tangible U.S. Government publications to make sure that these materials are available, in the public domain, for permanent public access.

See: GPO’s Digitization and Preservation Initiatives

Hat tip to Law Librarian Blog of yesterday.

What is past is prologue: NARA’s Strategy for Digitization

Earlier this month the National Archives and Records Administration released their Strategy for Digitizing Archival Materials for Public Access, 2007-2016.  This is a follow-up to a draft policy released in September of last year.

A fair amount of the report discusses the use of partner organizations in the digitization effort.  The draft released in September was open to public comment, and NARA has posted their responses to those comments here.

(Thanks to the American Association of Law Libraries Washington Office and their monthly E-Bulletin)