Links from the Constitutional Court of South Korea

The English language site of the Constitutional Court of South Korea provides links to supreme and constitutional courts of individual countries arranged by continent.

There are also links to a few selected international tribunals and five Korean government Web sites that provide resources in English, including the Ministry of Government Legislation (Korea Law in English)

Click on “Legal Links” from the homepage.

ICTY Manual on Developed Practices

The United Nations has published the “International Criminal Trinunal for the Former Yugoslavia Manual on Developed Practices.”  The manual is a synthesis of best practices for prosecuting individuals for human rights violations.  The text includes the following chapters: 



Arrest Warrants


Trial Managementl

Trial Judgement Drafting


Enforcement of Sentences

Referral of Cases to Domestic Jurisdictions

Judicial Support Services

Legal Aid and Defence Counsel Issues


ICTY Manual on Developed Practices

From the Introduction to the Manual:

As the ICTY proceedings draw to a close, it has become increasingly important to emphasize the shared responsibility of international and national jurisdictions in the prosecution and prevention of war crimes, and crimes against humanity and genocide. The close cooperation between international and domestic courts is essential to maintaining the radical departure from a culture of impunity and to fostering a culture of accountability. In this perspective, one should view the completion of the ICTY’s mandate as a strategy devised to allow the continuation by domestic actors of the activities that were initiated by the ICTY. The ICTY’s pioneering role and its unprecedented body of practice and case law will be its most significant achievement, and the continuation of its work through the local prosecution of war crimes by courts in the region its real legacy.

However, criminal proceedings for violations of IHL at the domestic level will only succeed if domestic institutions have sufficient resources and adequate capacity to handle complex criminal trials of this nature. The purpose of this Manual is to contribute to this process of capacity-building by sharing the ICTY experiences and established practices in the prosecution and adjudication of complex cases. Other international and mixed jurisdictions will also benefit from this work, so that the know-how developed by the ICTY may provide some guidance on the challenges of delivering justice.

Briefing Paper on the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights

Chathan House  Briefing Paper on the African Court on Human and People’s Rights. Chathan House is a UK based NGO focusing on internatioanl affairs.

Africa’s New Human Rights Court: Whistling in the Wind?

Sonya Sceats

March 2009




Summary of the briefing

_ Human rights abuses on a massive scale continue to afflict the lives of millions of

people across the continent of Africa. As in other parts of the world, the obstacles

in pursuing justice are currently insurmountable for most victims.


_ Against this troubling backdrop, the African Union (AU) has decided to add a

human rights section to its new court which has been agreed upon but not yet set

up. This court is called the African Court of Justice and Human Rights.


_ In the meantime, another pan-African human rights court, the African Court on

Human and Peoples’ Rights, has recently opened in Arusha, Tanzania. This court will

be wound down to make way for the African Court of Justice and Human Rights but

is expected to operate for the next few years at least.


_ These two courts represent the third instalment in efforts since the Second World

War to create regional human rights courts. Because they have broad powers to

enforce socio-economic rights and the collective rights of peoples, they may be

setting an example for new developments around the world.


_ This briefing paper focuses on the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, but it

also explains key features of the interim African Court on Human and Peoples’

Rights. It addresses questions including:

_ Can victims of human rights abuses bring cases?

_ Will the Court be able to try African heads of state?

_ Will governments comply with judgments?