Mitra Sharafi’s South Asian Legal History Resources

Professor Sharafi’s Web on South Asian Legal History site includes a list of citation abbreviations of  law reports from the colonial era for Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.  It also includes a useful “Research Guide to the Case Law,”  which explains the role of precedent, details major published and unpublished sources of cases, and describes how cases were cited.

 Mitra Sharafi’s South Asian Legal History Resources



Guide to Pakistani Militant Groups

IRIN Humanitarian News and Analysis has posted a guide to militant groups in Pakistan, which includes a brief list of sources. The guide provides the name, base of support, areas of operation, and targets for each group.

Pakistan: A Guide to Main Militant Groups

Oct 13, 2010


Rule of Law Index

The World Justice Forum meeting in Vienna, Austria has just released the Rule of Law Index. The Index uses numerical indicators to gauge the strength of rule of law in 35 countries, including developed and developing countries.

Here are the 4 broad criteria , with sub-categories, used to create the scores  for each country. It includes compliance with international law.

1. Accountable Government

Government powers limited by constitution

Governmental and non‐governmental checks

Accountable government officials and agents

Accountable military, police, and prison officials

Compliance with international law


2. Publicized and stable laws that protect fundamental rights

Laws are clear, publicized and stable

Laws protect fundamental rights

Laws protect security of the person

Laws protect security of property

3. Accessible, fair, and efficient process

Accessible process

Fair and efficient administration


4. Access to Justice

Impartial and accountable judicial system  

Efficient, accessible and effective judicial system

Competent and independent attorneys or representatives

Fair and efficient alternative dispute resolution

Rule of Law Index 2009

Islamic Finance Report from the Financial Times

The Financial Times has posted its May 5th special report on Islamic finance. The article on Sharia boards lists the leading scholars on the Sharia boards from Bahrain, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and UAE. Registration may be required.

Articles available in the report:
Credit crunch may test industry beliefs
The industry has held up well so far in the crisis but is unlikely to remain insulated, reports Robin Wigglesworth

Regulation: Further development needs a common rule-book
More standardised products would let the industry go global, writes Simeon Kerr

Islamic Banks: Real estate exposure may be largest threat
And in theory depositors must share any losses, notes Robin Wigglesworth

Sukuk market: Credit freeze victim shows signs of a thaw
An increase in conventional bond deals could help restart transactions, reports David Oakley

Innovation: Downturn temporarily blunts inventiveness
Scholars are taking stock of products, reports Robin Wigglesworth

Asia: Malaysia aims to be hub for its region
However, it is facing increasing local competition, writes Andrew Wood

Sharia boards: Scholars hold sway over the success of products
A small coterie wields power, explains Robin Wigglesworth

Western markets: France and the US vie for the UK’s crown
Shyamantha Asokan says London’s lead in the race to win clients is shrinking

Guest column: New world or false dawn?
Islamic finance faces challenges centred around the increased needs for standardisation and innovation in the industry, writes Mukhtar Hussain